All About Periodontitis (Gum Disease)

All About Periodontitis (Gum Disease)

Millions of Americans are affected by periodontitis (gum disease) each year. Gum disease is typically caused by a buildup of plaque on the teeth and gums. Fortunately, it can be prevented and treated after diagnosis. Continue reading to learn more about gum disease and practical steps you can take to protect your smile and keep it healthy.

What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease and is caused by a buildup of plaque on the teeth. Bleeding during brushing or flossing, redness, and gum swelling are all common signs of gingivitis.

What is Periodontitis?

Periodontitis is the advanced stage after gingivitis is not treated. The gum surrounding the teeth becomes loose and creates pockets that get filled with bacteria. This leads to an increase of inflammation and, eventually, large spaces between the tooth and gum. Bleeding, swelling, loose teeth, bad taste in the mouth, and receding gums are all signs of periodontitis.

Despite wishful thinking, ignoring the problem will not cure the gum disease. In fact, it will do just the opposite and will continue to harm your oral health. What are some practical steps you can take to protect your smile?

  • Brush your teeth and gums at least twice a day.
  • Visit your dentist for dental exams and cleanings regularly.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Avoid smoking or break the habit.
  • Eat a healthy diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables.
  • Avoid sugary foods and rinse your mouth out if intaking sugar.

If you are noticing any of the early signs of gum disease, then contact your Sunset Dental dentist right away to protect your smile from further harm. Call our dental office today to schedule your next dental exam and cleaning to ensure a healthy smile.

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