How to Treat Gingivitis and Gum Disease?

How to Treat Gingivitis and Gum Disease?

Dec 01, 2020

Bleeding gums usually occur when you brush your teeth with a hard-bristled toothbrush. However, if you have unexplained bleeding, it could be a sign of gum disease.

Gingivitis is common and affects adults above 30 years. Lack of proper dental practices is the primary cause of gum disease. Gum infection is treatable, but ignoring the symptoms may cause the infection to spread. Advanced gum disease causes gum recession and also tooth decay. Therefore, it is important to address the infection in its early stages to prevent the deterioration of your dental health.

Several gum disease treatments are available that can help get rid of the infection, and they include:

1.Dental hygiene

Dental hygiene is paramount in the prevention of gum disease. With proper dental practices, you can reverse gingivitis and prevent it from advancing. Therefore, brush and floss daily, especially after eating. Also, use a soft-bristled brush to avoid bruising your gums. Don’t forget to use fluoride toothpaste because it helps to prevent decay.

2.Mouthwash and antibiotics

Since bacteria are the primary cause of gum inflammation, the dentist may recommend antibiotics to prevent the spread of the infection. The antibiotics come in various forms, from gels to oral medication.

Use antiseptic mouthwash to rinse your mouth daily. While it may not remove the existing plaques, it prevents the formation of plaques that collects bacteria and increases the risk of decay.

3.Scaling and root planning 

In the early stages, the dentist may perform a deep cleaning to get rid of tartar from the teeth’ surface and underneath the gum line. The dentist may also polish your teeth for a pleasing look.

If you have receding gums, then root planing may be done. Root planing is a procedure that attaches the gums to the teeth’ surface to cover the teeth’ root and prevent further damage.


If the non-surgical gum treatments are unsuccessful, the dentist may recommend surgery. Several surgical procedures can be done, such as:

  • Flap surgery. This is a pocket reduction surgery that involves reattaching the gums to the teeth’s surface. The dentist may also reshape your bone.
  • Soft tissue graft. When your gums recede, you may lose soft tissue and further expose the root. The dentist will take a soft tissue matter from the palate and reattach it to the affected area. This will stimulate new tissue growth to prevent further gum recession and cover the exposed roots.
  • Bone graft. Advanced gum diseases may affect your supporting bone, causing it to deteriorate. The dentist will get bone granules from your hip or cadaver and place them in the affected area. The bone graft will help to prevent tooth loss.


Q. What Causes Gum Disease?

When you have poor brushing techniques, you may miss some food particles. This will cause plaque to buildup and harden, leading to the formation of tartar or calculus. With time bacteria will accumulate and cause gum inflammation.

Q. How Can You Tell You Have Gum Infection?

Gum disease does not have any symptoms in the early stages (probably the reason it goes unnoticed). But, you may develop several symptoms as the infection advances:

  • You’ll have red and swollen gums. The inflammation will cause your gums to become tender and swollen.
  • Bad breath. Plaque buildup accumulates bacteria that have a foul smell.
  • Receding gums. Inflammation destroys the gum’s soft tissue, which causes the gums to recede and expose the roots.
  • Sensitive teeth. The exposed teeth can become sensitive when you eat hot or cold foods or beverages.
  • Gum pockets. Advanced gum diseases cause the gums to detach from the surface and form pockets. These pockets can accumulate food particles and increase the risk of decay.
  • Shifting and lose teeth. Gum disease can cause the supporting bone to deteriorate and cause the teeth to weaken.

Q. Are You at Risk of Gum Disease?

Several factors can increase your risk of periodontal disease like:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Medication
  • Illnesses
  • Bad habits such as smoking
  • Family history
  • Poor dental hygiene

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Visit Sunset Dental for more information on gum disease and how to prevent it.

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