What Happens if Periodontal Disease Goes Untreated?

What Happens if Periodontal Disease Goes Untreated?

Nov 01, 2020

Periodontitis is the inflammation of the tissues surrounding the teeth. It is caused when the immune system reacts to the bacterial organisms harboring in the teeth’ pockets or surface.

Other than redness and loose teeth, periodontal disease symptoms at times are hard to notice. Tartar and plaque are the leading cause of periodontitis, and smoking also increases the chance of getting periodontal disease.

Periodontitis stages

The first is inflammation of the gums, also known as gingivitis. It is accompanied by bleeding gums whenever you brush or floss the teeth. This should give you enough reason to visit our Sunset Dental specialists for a check-up.

Receding gums will then form pockets between your gums and the teeth. The bacteria settling in the pockets will cause an infection that your immune system will try to fight off, causing inflammation as your body responds to the condition.

Pain around your teeth and gums may also be experienced. The tissues supporting your teeth will be damaged, loosening your teeth. There will be bad breath and a foul taste coming out of your teeth if the periodontal disease reaches its last stages.

You are likely to lose your teeth at this stage if you don’t make an appointment with a dentist in Piqua, OH, for treatment.

Complications of Periodontal Disease

If not addressed in its early stages, periodontal disease could become chronic and result in or make you susceptible to various health complications. Some of these conditions are:

Tooth Loss

You cannot get rid of gum disease by yourself. Periodontitis attacks the tissue holding your teeth in place. If not addressed at its early stages, the teeth become loose, leading to loss of teeth.

Arthritis

Inflammation throughout the body could be as a result of periodontitis. This is because the gum-disease-causing bacteria have a high chance of entering the bloodstream and settling in the joint lubricant fluids resulting in joint inflammation. There is also a high chance of relieving rheumatoid arthritis symptoms such as pain and inflammation if periodontal disease is treated.

Pregnancy Complications

Pregnant women with periodontitis have a high risk of developing complications such as low birth weight, premature birth, miscarriage, or high blood pressure. The bacteria travel to the placenta or the uterus through the bloodstream.

Stroke

Periodontitis will also increase the risk of getting a stroke. It hardens and narrows the arteries limiting blood flow to the brain, resulting in a stroke. The bacteria from the affected gums also contribute to the formation of fatty deposits in the blood vessels, limiting the amount of oxygen needed by the brain to function, leading to stroke.

Heart Disease

Periodontal disease increases the chances of inflammation in other parts of your body. The bacteria from the gums enter the bloodstream leading to the formation of clots in the blood vessels. The clots will decrease blood flow to the heart, raising the blood pressure, which increases heart attack occurrence.

Other complications of delayed periodontal treatment are:

  • Recurring painful gum abscess
  • Gradual receding of the gums
  • Damaged or loss of socket jaw bone
  • Large permanent open sores on the gums
  • Lung infections
  • Breast cancer in women in the postmenopausal stage
  • Expensive. Gum disease treatment during its early stages is cheap and is easily treated. There is increased medical cost treating periodontitis and the accompanying health complications such as stroke.

Periodontal Treatment

There are several options for gum disease treatment; they are:

Antibiotics

These are prescribed if the infections cannot be eliminated by professional cleaning. They might be in capsules, gel, or mouthwash.

Surgery

Sometimes the plaque and tartar become inaccessible while brushing or flossing, making the inflammation persistent. A flap surgery will be recommended where your gums are lifted to clean your roots then stitched back again.

Personal Oral Hygiene and Professional Cleaning

Your dentist will give you new guidelines on how you should brush and floss your teeth to reduce bacteria accumulation in your mouth. Besides fluoride toothpaste, your dentist may advise you to get yourself mouthwash and water picks to help with the cleaning.

Professional cleaning involves removing plaque and tartar build-up. The teeth will then be polished using fluoride treatment procedures. There could be a need for deep cleaning if you have periodontal pockets.

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